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Spread of the Turkish language

This smaller map removes the countries where Turkish is dominant. This map therefore only shows 6.7% of all speakers of Turkish. The territory omitted is Turkey.

Click the map for a larger image.

Turkish is spoken as a first language by around 66 million people in at least 34 territories. It has spread widely across Europe, especially in countries that were part of the Ottoman Empire, such as Bulgaria, Cyprus and Greece. There are around 2 million speakers in Germany, many of whom moved to West Germany in the 1960s and 1970s to fill a labour shortage during the Wirtschaftswunder (German for 'economic miracle').

Territory size shows the proportion of all people who speak Turkish as a first language that live in that territory.

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