Italian is spoken by roughly 62 million people in at least 30 territories. Due to a harsh economic climate, many Italians migrated to the Americas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, resulting in large Italian-speaking populations in the United States, Canada, and much of South America, notably Argentina and Brazil.
Within Italy, a large number of dialects continue to thrive. Friulian and Sardinian are generally recognised as distinct languages, with large numbers of speakers .
Territory size shows the proportion of all people who speak Italian as a first language that live in that territory.